What is the difference between compression pants and leggings?
Tight fit is not equal to compression, the evolution and difference from tights to compression suits. When talking about the evolution of tight-fitting and compression clothing, I have to talk about the NBA. Since when, whether in the gym or basketball court or outdoors, boys began to like to wear a pair of compression pants under the sweatpants? In fact, it started from this time.
During the 2005-2006 NBA season, a new trend whirlwind suddenly blew up on the court-wearing a pair of "tight pants" that are as long as the ankle under the sports shorts. Carter and Kobe can be said to be the forerunners of this trend. Under the leadership of these stars, this trend quickly swept the entire NBA arena and even the college league.
Subsequently, tights and arm guards also appeared in the players' game equipment one after another, and some of these tight equipment also had a compression function.
With the popularity of the NBA arena, these equipment quickly entered our daily sports.
Faced with the choice between tights and compression garments, many people have questions. What is the effect of wearing tights? What's so good about compression clothes? What is the difference between these two? ...
There are many and many such problems. Today we will talk about the origin and evolution of tights and compression garments and the differences between the two.
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The origin and evolution of tights and compression garments
In 1886, the term Léotard was first given to a close-fitting garment covering the upper body (including the crotch) but not the legs and arms. The costumes worn in ballet performances are the most typical representatives.
The term Léotard (Léotard) is to commemorate a French acrobat Jules Léotard, who was the pioneer of the trapeze performance. On November 12, 1859, Léotard made his debut and designed a suit for himself that is easy to move and can show his muscles. This is the prototype of the tights.
In the decades that followed, tights showed their figure and were easy to move around. They quickly became standard costumes in circuses and acrobatic performances, and even professional dancers such as Broadway showgirls began to try it. The meaning of tights at the time was more as a performance costume, for better viewing.
During this time, the viewing function of tights as performance costumes has gradually been recognized and understood by everyone. And this situation changed until after the emergence and application of elastic fabrics such as spandex (Lycra is now well-known to most people, Lycra is also a type of spandex, and only the spandex produced by DuPont in the United States is called Lycra). Since then, it no longer exists only for viewing, but is more functional.
The tights made of the new fabric can make it more fit the human body. Its effect is to reduce muscle vibration, reduce wind resistance, reduce the chance of injury, and can absorb moisture and perspiration, keeping the wearer's skin comfortable .
The above effects also determine that compression clothing was first used in racing events. In the 1990s, the track and field competition caused a sensation due to the first appearance of players wearing tights, and then tights appeared in various sports. Appeared.
The addition of equipment to sports competition is obvious to all. For example, in 2000, the "shark skin" swimsuit (an application of tights) turned out, and the following 10 years abruptly raised the world record to a notch. Because it was too powerful, it was banned by the FINA in 2010.
In such an environment of continuous improvement, of course, people are not only satisfied with tights, and then the birth of compression garments is a matter of course. Its inspiration first came from compression garments in the medical field, most commonly seen in compression socks or leg covers.
Compression stockings are specially designed to relieve and prevent venous diseases (such as edema, phlebitis, prevention of thrombosis, economy class syndrome, etc.). The principle is simply to reduce the diameter of the expanded blood vessels and increase the venous blood flow velocity.
Because of its good application in the field of medical rehabilitation, many people have begun to expect its application in the field of sports-since it can alleviate some problems in the legs, can it also help the body to exercise better?
With the continuous upgrading of fabrics and weaving technology, compression garments with stronger compression performance, stronger athletic performance and faster recovery performance than tights have emerged.
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The difference between tights and compression clothes
Let me talk about the common features of ordinary tights and compression garments:
Reduce muscle jitter during exercise, and correspondingly consume less during exercise; air permeability and perspiration performance are better than ordinary sportswear.
The compression suit is more like an "upgraded tights"-to enhance stronger sports performance, provide better protection and support for the muscles, wear after exercise can be faster recovery.
A simple method of distinguishing tight-fitting and compression equipment can check the content of spandex. Compression equipment will use a large amount of spandex material, so its content is generally much more than that of tights.
The intuitive feeling brought by the increase in the content of spandex is "tighter and more elastic". After the upper body, it will feel more close to the body than ordinary tights. Breathability and sweat wicking are much better, and the tight elastic material supports the abdomen, back and arm muscles better.
Another difference between tights and compression garments is the weaving and cutting techniques. Through different weaving or cutting, the fabric exerts different pressure on different parts of the body to achieve the effect of gradient compression.
*Gradient compression means that the farther away from the heart, the stronger the compression force, and then gradually decrease.